Organizational interventions are useful for managing schizophrenia, antisocial personality and insomnia cases in the workplace. Human resource managers are concerned with these problems. The organization suffers if these disorders are neglected. Employees and their managers must know the basic symptomology of schizophrenia, antisocial personality and insomnia, as well as organizational interventions for these disorders. Such knowledge enables organizations to use intervention strategies to reduce risks linked to these disorders. Supervisors and other employees can use knowledge on the symptomology displayed by a person having schizophrenia, antisocial personality and insomnia to prevent risks and problems through suitable organizational interventions.
To minimize risks, managers must know the symptomology of and organizational interventions for schizophrenia, antisocial personality disorder and insomnia.
Schizophrenia: Symptomology & Organizational Interventions
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder involving abnormal social behaviors. The affected person also fails to discern reality from non-reality. The symptomology of schizophrenia has positive and negative symptoms. Positive symptoms are those that are not present in normal persons. Negative symptoms are normal characteristics that are lacking in persons with schizophrenia.
The main symptoms of schizophrenia are as follows:
- Disorganized thought and speech
- Lack of emotion
- Lack of interest or pleasure in life
- Lack of motivation
Workplace Issues due to Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia in the workplace can lead to safety and security issues. The worker with schizophrenia may pose a threat to other employees. In mild cases of schizophrenia, the worker can be allowed to continue working but should undergo regular psychiatric treatment. In moderate to extreme cases of schizophrenia, the worker must be laid off for psychiatric treatment.
Organizational Interventions for Schizophrenia. The organization can intervene in mild cases of schizophrenia by providing full or partial financial support, or moral support for the affected worker’s treatment. Also, an organizational intervention is to put the schizophrenic worker in a job position that minimizes flaring up of schizophrenia symptoms. The worker should be placed in a quiet work environment. It also helps to give the affected worker routine tasks that do not require a lot of decision-making. The worker with schizophrenia should not be in a highly interactive work environment that requires active participation or decision-making.
Antisocial Personality Disorder: Symptomology & Organizational Interventions
Antisocial personality disorder is a type of personality disorder involving general disregard and violation of other people’s rights and interests. The symptomology of persons with this disorder include very low or absent moral principles and conscience. The affected person also displays aggressiveness and impulsiveness. A history of crime is an indicator of antisocial personality disorder.
The symptoms of antisocial personality disorder are as follows:
- Disregard and violation of other people’s rights
- Disregard for moral and ethical principles and values
- Frequent use of lies and deception to use others
- Manipulation of other people for personal gains or pleasure
- Egocentrism and exhibitionism
- Criminal or illegal behaviors
- Aggression, hostility, intimidation and violence
- Irritability, agitation and impulsiveness
- Lack of empathy
- Lack of remorse for wrongdoing
- Irresponsible behavior in the workplace
Workplace Issues due to Antisocial Personality Disorder. Frequent conflict and heated arguments are typical workplace issues involving a person with antisocial personality disorder. Antisocial personality disorder creates risks in the organization, such as low productivity, and issues in the safety and security of workers.
Organizational Interventions for Antisocial Personality Disorder. The organizational intervention for antisocial personality disorder is to adjust the work schedules and tasks of the affected worker. For example, these organizational interventions include changing work schedules, changing job positions, and putting the worker in a less social work environment. A less social work environment helps prevent conflict involving the employee with antisocial personality disorder. Support for psychiatric treatment or therapy is also recommended.
Insomnia: Symptomology & Organizational Interventions
Insomnia is a sleep disorder where one is unable to fall asleep or remain asleep as desired. The symptomology of insomnia is focused mainly on the sleep pattern of the person. Because of the importance of sleep, insomnia has significant effects on the person’s normal functioning.
The typical symptoms of insomnia are as follows:
- Difficulty falling asleep during normal sleeping hours
- Easy awakening from sleep
- Awakening too early
- Worries about getting sleep
Workplace Issues due to Insomnia. The person with insomnia suffers from daytime tiredness or sleepiness. In addition, insomnia leads to irritability, as well as depression or anxiety. The worker suffering from insomnia may also have difficulty paying attention and focusing on work tasks. This sleep disorder also leads to higher rates of error at work. Overall, these conditions of the insomniac worker lead to low productivity.
Organizational Interventions for Insomnia. An organizational intervention for insomnia starts with a psychological assessment to determine the extent of the disorder. Organizational interventions include changing work schedules to accommodate the worker’s sleeping hours. Continuous counseling is also recommended.
Schizophrenia, antisocial personality disorder, and insomnia are organizational problems that need the right intervention strategies. These disorders pose productivity issues and safety and security risks. Mild cases may be addressed through suitable organizational interventions. Extreme cases of schizophrenia, antisocial personality disorder or insomnia require termination of employment to ensure safety and security of the workplace.
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- U.S. National Library of Medicine (2015). Antisocial personality disorder.