This SWOT analysis of Verizon Communications Inc. shows strengths that support business growth and stability in the telecommunications market. However, the business must address its weaknesses and opportunities and the threats in its external environment, as evaluated in this SWOT analysis. The SWOT analysis model identifies the most significant internal strategic factors (strengths and weaknesses) and external strategic factors (opportunities and threats) relevant to the company. The results of this SWOT analysis provide insights for decision-making and strategic development that fulfill the purpose and goals of Verizon’s mission statement and vision statement. As one of the biggest players in the information and communications technology and services industry, the company uses its market position to support business growth. Verizon capitalizes on its popularity and leading U.S. market position to introduce new services. The company adjusts its business strategies to address shifts in the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats determined in this SWOT analysis.
Considering the rapid advancement of information and communications technologies, it is beneficial to use a SWOT analysis of Verizon Communications Inc. and other analytical tools to match the company’s strategic approaches with the internal factors and external factors notable in the business. Such matching increases the likelihood of success in implementing strategies, especially for business growth and expansion. Potential growth and expansion are considerable because of the company’s current market position and popularity. For example, as a leading provider of wireless telecommunications services, Verizon can further expand its operations, even in new markets outside the United States. The company’s managers can optimize success rates in such an endeavor by using relevant internal and external measures and indicators, such as the ones shown in this SWOT analysis.
Verizon’s Strengths (Internal Factors)
This component of the SWOT analysis identifies Verizon’s strengths, which are internal strategic factors that support business stability and growth. The company can use its strengths to protect its business from the adverse external factors in the telecommunications industry. The following strengths of Verizon enable the business to remain a major firm in the market:
- Strong brand image
- High economies of scale
- Relatively high quality of services
The strong brand image is an internal strategic factor that empowers the company to effectively compete in the communications technology services and telecommunications market. Verizon’s generic competitive strategy and intensive growth strategies show that this strength is mainly based on the emphasis on quality as a differentiating factor against competitors. In addition, the company benefits from high economies of scale. In this SWOT analysis, economies of scale are a strength that optimizes efficiencies in providing telecommunications services to target customers. For example, an expansive wireless telecommunications infrastructure enables Verizon to optimize its efficiency and, thus, its profits. In relation, the relatively high quality of services is a selling point for the company’s products. The company attracts quality-sensitive customers. This approach is evident in Verizon advertisements that highlight quality of service. These strengths indicate capabilities and competitive advantages as significant factors in this component of the SWOT analysis of Verizon Communications Inc.
Verizon’s Weaknesses (Internal Factors)
Weaknesses or internal strategic factors that limit or reduce business success are evaluated in this component of the SWOT analysis of Verizon Communications Inc. Weaknesses can make it more difficult to grow the business and address competition in the telecommunications market. In this regard, Verizon must improve its processes and capabilities to minimize the following weaknesses:
- Low diversification
- High cost of infrastructure
- Inability to compete based on price
The internal factor of low diversification is a weakness that increases Verizon’s exposure to market-based risks. For example, because wireless services represent one of the biggest revenue streams of the business, risk exposure to the wireless telecommunications market is high. Another weakness relevant to this SWOT analysis is the high cost of the company’s infrastructure. Even though it supports Verizon’s strength of high quality in services, the infrastructure entails higher costs for development and maintenance. In relation, such high cost makes it difficult for the company to compete based on price. Verizon cannot readily offer low prices to compete against the prices of competitors, like AT&T and T-Mobile. In this regard, the company’s strategy for high quality also creates considerable weaknesses. Based on this component of the SWOT analysis, it is beneficial for Verizon Communications to prioritize addressing the weakness of low diversification.
Opportunities for Verizon (External Factors)
This component of the SWOT analysis specifies the most significant opportunities for Verizon’s business. Opportunities are external strategic factors that can support growth and business improvement in the telecommunications industry. In this case, Verizon’s managers must develop strategies to exploit the following opportunities in the external environment:
- Global growth and expansion
- Business diversification
- Stronger network externalities
Global growth and expansion are an opportunity for Verizon based on the widespread development of information and communications networks around the world. For example, the business can expand its offerings to other countries to capitalize on the technological trends described in the PESTEL/PESTLE analysis of Verizon Communications Inc. In this SWOT analysis, another opportunity is business diversification, which directly addresses the corresponding weakness of the company’s low diversification. This opportunity involves developing new business or entering new industries and markets as a way of spreading risk and reducing overdependence on one or a few markets, such as Verizon’s dependence on the wireless telecommunications market in the United States. In addition, this SWOT analysis considers the opportunity to strengthen network externalities based on the positive effect of a larger consumer base on the value of the company’s services. For instance, Verizon can further boost the value of its services by increasing its customer base and market share. A larger market share is more likely to encourage even more customers to use the company’s wireless telecommunications services. Consequently, opportunities for growth, stability, and stronger competitiveness are emphasized through the external strategic factors in this component of the SWOT analysis of Verizon.
Threats Facing Verizon (External Factors)
The threats against business stability and growth are identified in this component of the SWOT analysis of Verizon Communications Inc. Threats are external strategic factors that can hamper or decrease the performance of the telecommunications business. Strategic decision-making processes at Verizon must address the following threats in the business environment:
- Security threats via network or information technologies
- Natural disasters that can destroy or damage infrastructure
This SWOT analysis highlights competition as a strong external force, which is also determined in the Five Forces analysis of Verizon Communications Inc. The company competes with AT&T and T-Mobile, as well as Alphabet’s Google Fiber. Competitors threaten the company through their strategies and aggressiveness. For example, firms in the wireless telecommunications services market threaten Verizon through their continuous technological improvement and their aggressive marketing strategies. On the other hand, security threats via network or information technologies are an external factor that, in this SWOT analysis, can bring down the business. For instance, a successful breach of the wireless telecommunications network assets of Verizon can prompt subscribers to reduce or stop their usage of the company’s services. Moreover, natural disasters, like earthquakes, can damage the company’s technological assets and reduce business performance. The company recognizes this natural environmental concern in its annual reports with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Based on the external factors in this component of the SWOT analysis, Verizon must consider enhancing its competitive advantages, network security measures, and technological redundancy measures.
Summary & Recommendations – SWOT Analysis of Verizon Communications Inc.
Summary. This SWOT analysis of Verizon Communications Inc. presents the most significant internal and external factors based on the characteristics of the business and the conditions of the information and communications technology and services industry, the telecommunications market, and the mass media market. The wireless operations of Verizon are especially exposed to threats, although the company has considerable opportunities to expand its wireless telecommunications services to new markets. This SWOT analysis shows that the company has the strengths needed to grow and remain strong in the market. However, the main issues relevant to Verizon’s business are the weakness of low diversification, the opportunity to globally grow and expand, and the threat of competition.
Recommendations. The following recommendations address the main issues determined in this SWOT analysis of Verizon. Also, considering the increasing use of wireless telecommunications services, strategic emphasis on wireless services is advisable. In this case, it is recommended that Verizon Communications Inc.:
- Diversify its business through the further acquisition of firms in related industries, to spread risk and reduce dependence on the telecommunications market.
- Globally expand, such as by offering Verizon’s wireless services to new markets outside the United States, capitalizing on the strong brand image and the increasing use of wireless telecommunications services.
- Strengthen competitive advantages by maximizing quality of services and continuing to highlight high quality in marketing strategies.
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- The Verizon Story.
- U.S. Department of Commerce – International Trade Administration – Telecommunications.
- Verizon Communications Inc. – Form 10-K.
- Verizon Communications Inc. – Innovation Labs Solutions.